The following are presented as useful sources of information. All documents available for download are PDF files and can only be read or printed using Abobe Acrobat Reader Software which can be downloaded free of charge from Abobe's website - you can access the website by clicking on the logo below.

get adobe reader


Contracts of affreightment usually provide for general average to be adjusted according to a set of internationally agreed rules, known as the York-Antwerp Rules:

York-Antwerp Rules 2016
CMI Guidelines relating to General Average

York-Antwerp Rules 1994
Commentary on the York-Antwerp Rules 2004

ship listing galapagos islands

Acceptable general average security usually consists of an Average Bond signed by the owner or receiver of the goods and an unlimited and unqualified Average Guarantee signed by the insurer of the goods:

Average Bond
Average Guarantee
Valuation Form


shapeimage 1

Marine Insurance Act, 1906
Rules of Practice of the Association of Average Adjusters
International Hull Clauses 2003

Association of Average Adjusters
Association Mondiale de Dispacheurs 
BIMCO - Standard forms of Charterparties, Bills of Lading etc
Comité Maritime International 
Lloyd’s Agency - Details of Lloyd’s Agents worldwide
Lloyd’s Salvage Arbitration Branch - All about the LOF Salvage Agreement and SCOPIC
The Nordic Plan - The 2013 Plan and its Commentary 
Exchanges Rates - from OANDA Corporation
World News - from the BBC
Current Bunker Prices - from Bunker World
World Weather - from the UK meteorological office
UK Shipping Forecast - from the UK meteorological office

© Harvey Ashby Limited 2019